1. (v. t.) To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to make to change position so as to present other sides in given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, to turn a wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head.

2. (v. t.) To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost; to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the outside of; to reverse the position of; as, to turn a box or a board; to turn a coat.

3. (v. t.) To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; -- used both literally and figuratively; as, to turn the eyes to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship from her course; to turn the attention to or from something.

4. (v. t.) To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to apply; to devote.

5. (v. t.) To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; -- often with to or into before the word denoting the effect or product of the change; as, to turn a worm into a winged insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse; to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to turn good to evil, and the like.

6. (v. t.) To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion (anything) by applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, to turn the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal.

7. (v. t.) Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in proper condition; to adapt.

8. (v. t.) To translate; to construe; as, to turn the Iliad.

9. (v. t.) To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as, to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly.

10. (v. t.) To sicken; to nauseate; as, an emetic turns one's stomach.

11. (v. i.) To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man turns on his heel.

12. (v. i.) Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge; to depend; as, the decision turns on a single fact.

13. (v. i.) To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to issue.

14. (v. i.) To be deflected; to take a different direction or tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently applied; to be transferred; as, to turn from the road.

15. (v. i.) To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to grow; as, wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one color turns to another; to turn Mohammedan.

16. (v. i.) To undergo the process of turning on a lathe; as, ivory turns well.

17. (v. i.) To become acid; to sour; -- said of milk, ale, etc.

18. (v. i.) To become giddy; -- said of the head or brain.

19. (v. i.) To be nauseated; -- said of the stomach.

20. (v. i.) To become inclined in the other direction; -- said of scales.

21. (v. i.) To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; -- said of the tide.

22. (v. i.) To bring down the feet of a child in the womb, in order to facilitate delivery.

23. (v. i.) To invert a type of the same thickness, as temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.

24. (n.) The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution; as, the turn of a wheel.

25. (n.) Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs; alteration; vicissitude; as, the turn of the tide.

26. (n.) One of the successive portions of a course, or of a series of occurrences, reckoning from change to change; hence, a winding; a bend; a meander.

27. (n.) A circuitous walk, or a walk to and fro, ending where it began; a short walk; a stroll.

28. (n.) Successive course; opportunity enjoyed by alternation with another or with others, or in due order; due chance; alternate or incidental occasion; appropriate time.

29. (n.) Incidental or opportune deed or office; occasional act of kindness or malice; as, to do one an ill turn.

30. (n.) Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigency; as, this will not serve his turn.

31. (n.) Form; cast; shape; manner; fashion; -- used in a literal or figurative sense; hence, form of expression; mode of signifying; as, the turn of thought; a man of a sprightly turn in conversation.

32. (n.) A change of condition; especially, a sudden or recurring symptom of illness, as a nervous shock, or fainting spell; as, a bad turn.

33. (n.) A fall off the ladder at the gallows; a hanging; -- so called from the practice of causing the criminal to stand on a ladder which was turned over, so throwing him off, when the signal was given.

34. (n.) A round of a rope or cord in order to secure it, as about a pin or a cleat.

35. (n.) A pit sunk in some part of a drift.

36. (n.) A court of record, held by the sheriff twice a year in every hundred within his county.

37. (n.) Monthly courses; menses.

38. (n.) An embellishment or grace (marked thus, /), commonly consisting of the principal note, or that on which the turn is made, with the note above, and the semitone below, the note above being sounded first, the principal note next, and the semitone below last, the three being performed quickly, as a triplet preceding the marked note. The turn may be inverted so as to begin with the lower note, in which case the sign is either placed on end thus /, or drawn thus /.

Charybdis Platonic form Platonic idea S-curve a thing for aberrancy aberration about ship about-face access acciaccatura accommodation accomplished fact accomplishment achievement act act of grace act of kindness acta action activate adapt adaptation addle adjustment adventure advert to aesthetic form affinity afterpiece agiotage aim aim at air airing alienate all the time alter alteration alternate alternately always ambit amble ameliorate amelioration an ear for an eye for anamorphism anamorphosis anchor watch angle angle off animus apostasy appeal to appear apply apply to appoggiatura aptitude aptness arabesque arbitrage arc arch archetype arise arouse arrive arsis art form assail assemble asymmetry at every turn attack attend avert axe back and fill backing backsliding bad turn balk bate be changed be contingent on be converted into be here again be hostile to be renewed bear bear away bear off bear to starboard bearing beat beat about beat back beat it become bend bend back bend to bending benefaction benefit benevolence benignity bent betray betterment bias bit blessing block blow blunt bolt boon bore bottom out bout bow bowing box off branch off branching off break break back bring about bring out bring over bring round bring to light brow buckle buckle down build bump business deal buying in by turns cadence cadenza call off campaign cant cant round capacity for capsize carriage cashier cast cast about chance change change back change course change into change of heart change the bearing change the heading changeableness character chaser check checker chop chop and change circle circuit circuitousness circulate circulation circumrotate circumvolute circumvolution climacteric clutch coil coin color coloratura come come about come across come again come and go come around come into come round come round again come up come up again commercial transaction complexion conatus concern concoct conduce conduciveness configuration conflexure conformation consider constantly constitution constitutional construct construction constructive change continuity contort contortion contribute convergence of events conversion convert cool off corkscrew corner countenance coup course courtesy crack crank create crinkle crisis critical juncture critical point crook crookedness crop up crossroads crucial period crumple crunch cry back curdle curl curtain curtain call curtain raiser curve cut cut and run cycle day shift deactivate deal


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